[profile] 건축가 안도 타다오 (安藤忠雄, Tadao Ando 1941~ ) 건축/디자인

Tadao Ando

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Tadao Ando

Tadao Ando (2004)
BornSeptember 13, 1941 (1941-09-13) (age 70)
Minato-ku, Osaka, Japan

Alvar Aalto Medal, 1985
Pritzker Prize, 1995
RIBA Royal Gold Medal, 1997

AIA Gold Medal, 2002
PracticeTadao Ando Architects & Associates

Row House, Sumiyoshi, 1979
Church of the Light, Osaka, 1989

Water Temple, Awaji, 1991
ProjectsRokko Housing I, II, III, Kobe, 1983-1999

Tadao Ando (安藤 忠雄 Andō Tadao?, born September 13, 1941, in Minato-ku, Osaka, Japan and raised in Asahi-ku in the city) is a Japanese architect whose approach to architecture was once categorized by Francesco Dal Co as critical regionalism. Ando has led a storied life, working as a truck driver and boxer prior to settling on the profession of architecture, despite never having taken formal training in the field. He visited buildings designed by renowned architects like Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Kahn before returning to Osaka in 1968 and established his own design studio, Tadao Ando Architect and Associates.

He works primarily in exposed cast-in-place concrete and is renowned[by whom?] for an exemplary craftsmanship which invokes a Japanese sense of materiality, junction and spatial narrative through the pared aesthetics of international modernism.[citation needed]

In 1995, Ando won the Pritzker Architecture Prize, considered the highest distinction in the field of architecture.[1] He donated the $100,000 prize money to the orphans of the 1995 Kobe earthquake.[2]

Table of Contents
1Buildings and works
 1.1Completed projects list
 1.2Completed projects gallery, selected
 1.3Projects in progress
5External links

Buildings and works

Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe

Tadao Ando's body of work is known for the creative use of natural light and for architectures that follow the natural forms of the landscape (rather than disturbing the landscape by making it conform to the constructed space of a building). The architect's buildings are often characterized by complex three-dimensional circulation paths. These paths interweave between interior and exterior spaces formed both inside large-scale geometric shapes and in the spaces between them. His "Row House in Sumiyoshi" (Azuma House, 住吉の長屋), a small two-story, cast-in-place concrete house completed in 1976, is an early Ando work which began to show elements of his characteristic style. It consists of three equally sized rectangular volumes: two enclosed volumes of interior spaces separated by an open courtyard. By nature of the courtyard's position between the two interior volumes, it becomes an integral part of the house's circulation system.

Ando's housing complex at Rokko, just outside Kobe, is a complex warren of terraces and balconies and atriums and shafts. The designs for Rokko Housing One (1983) and for Rokko Housing Two (1993) illustrate a range of issues in the traditional architectural vocabulary—the interplay of solid and void, the alternatives of open and closed, the contrasts of light and darkness. More significantly, Ando's noteworthy achievement in these clustered buildings is site specific—the structures survived undamaged after the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995.[3] New York Times architectural critic Paul Goldberger argues convincingly that "Ando is right in the Japanese tradition: spareness has always been a part of Japanese architecture, at least since the 16th century; [and] it is not without reason that Frank Lloyd Wright more freely admitted to the influences of Japanese architecture than of anything American."[3] Like, Wright's Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, which did survive the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, site specific decision-making, anticipates seismic activity in Ando's several Hyōgo-Awaji buildings.[4]

Completed projects list

Westin Awaji Island hotel
Piccadilly Gardens landscape redesign by Ando in 2002
Tomishima HouseOsakaJapan1973
Uchida HouseJapan1974
Uno HouseKyotoJapan1974
Hiraoka HouseHyōgo PrefectureJapan1974
Shibata HouseAshiya, Hyogo PrefectureJapan1974
Tatsumi HouseOsakaJapan1975
Soseikan-Yamaguchi HouseHyōgo PrefectureJapan1975
Takahashi HouseAshiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1975
Matsumura HouseKobeJapan1975
Row House in Sumiyoshi (Azuma House)Sumiyoshi, OsakaJapan1976
Hirabayashi HouseOsaka PrefectureJapan1976
Bansho HouseAichi PrefectureJapan1976
Tezukayama Tower PlazaSumiyoshi, OsakaJapan1976
Tezukayama House-Manabe HouseOsakaJapan1977
Wall House (Matsumoto House)Ashiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1977
Glass Block House (Ishihara House)OsakaJapan1978
Okusu HouseSetagaya, TokyoJapan1978
Glass Block Wall (Horiuchi House)Sumiyoshi, OsakaJapan1979
Katayama BuildingNishinomiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1979
Onishi HouseSumiyoshi, OsakaJapan1979
Matsutani HouseKyotoJapan1979
Ueda HouseOkayama PrefectureJapan1979
STEPTakamatsu, Kagawa PrefectureJapan1980
Matsumoto HouseWakayama, Wakayama PrefectureJapan1980
Fuku HouseWakayama, Wakayama PrefectureJapan1980
Bansho House AdditionAichi PrefectureJapan1981
Koshino HouseAshiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1981
Kojima Housing (Sato House)Okayama PrefectureJapan1981
Atelier in OyodoOsakaJapan1981
Tea House for Soseikan-Yamaguchi HouseHyōgo PrefectureJapan1982
Ishii HouseShizuoka PrefectureJapan1982
Akabane HouseSetagaya, TokyoJapan1982
Kujo Townhouse (Izutsu House)OsakaJapan1982
Rokko Housing One (34°43′32″N 135°13′39″E / 34.725613°N 135.227564°E / 34.725613; 135.227564)Rokko, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1983 [5]
BIGI AtelierShibuya, TokyoJapan1983
Umemiya HouseKobeJapan1983
Kaneko HouseShibuya, TokyoJapan1983
FestivalNaha, Okinawa prefectureJapan1984
Koshino House AdditionAshiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1984
MELROSE, MeguroTokyoJapan1984
Uejo HouseOsaka PrefectureJapan1984
Ota HouseOkayama PrefectureJapan1984
Moteki HouseKobeJapan1984
Shinsaibashi TO BuildingOsaka PrefectureJapan1984 [6]
Iwasa HouseAshiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1984
Hata HouseNishinomiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1984
Atelier Yoshie InabaShibuya, TokyoJapan1985
JUN Port Island BuildingKobeJapan1985
Guest House for Hattori HouseOsakaJapan1985
Taiyō Cement Headquarters BuildingOsakaJapan1986
TS BuildingOsakaJapan1986
Chapel on Mount RokkoKobeJapan1986
OLD/NEW RokkovKobeJapan1986
Kidosaki HouseSetagaya, TokyoJapan1986
Fukuhara ClinicSetagaya, TokyoJapan1986
Sasaki HouseMinato, TokyoJapan1986
Main Pavilion for Tennoji FairOsakaJapan1987
Karaza Theater1987
Ueda House AdditionOkayama PrefectureJapan1987
Church on the WaterTomamu, Hokkaidō prefectureJapan1988
GALLERIA akkaOsakaJapan1988
Children's MuseumHimeji Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1989
Church of the Light (34°49′08″N 135°22′19″E / 34.818763°N 135.37201°E / 34.818763; 135.37201)Ibaraki Osaka PrefectureJapan1989 [7][8][9]
COLLEZIONEMinato, TokyoJapan1989
Morozoff P&P StudioKobeJapan1989
RAIKA HeadquartersOsakaJapan1989
Natsukawa Memorial HallHikone, Shiga PrefectureJapan1989
Yao Clinic, NeyagawaOsaka PrefectureJapan1989
Matsutani House AdditionKyotoJapan1990
Ito House, SetagayaTokyoJapan1990
Iwasa House AdditionAshiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1990
Garden of Fine ArtsOsakaJapan1990
S BuildingOsakaJapan1990
Water Temple (34°32′47″N 134°59′17″E / 34.546406°N 134.98813°E / 34.546406; 134.98813)Awaji Island, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1991[10][11]
Atelier in Oyodo IIOsakaJapan1991
TIME'S IIKyotoJapan1991
Museum of LiteratureHimeji, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1991
Sayoh HousingHyōgo PrefectureJapan1991
Minolta Seminar HouseKobeJapan1991
Naoshima Contemporary Art MuseumNaoshima, Kagawa prefectureJapan1995 [2] [3]
Japanese Pavilion for Expo 92SevilleSpain1992
Otemae Art CenterNishinomiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1992
Forest of Tombs MuseumKumamoto PrefectureJapan1992
Rokko Housing TwoRokko, KobeJapan1993
Vitra Seminar HouseWeil am RheinGermany1993
Gallery NodaKobeJapan1993
YKK Seminar HouseChiba PrefectureJapan1993
Suntory MuseumOsakaJapan1994
MAXRAY Headquarters BuildingOsakaJapan1994
Chikatsu-Asuka Historical MuseumOsaka PrefectureJapan1994
Kiyo Bank, Sakai BuildingSakai, Osaka PrefectureJapan1994
Garden of Fine ArtKyotoJapan1994
Museum of wood cultureKami, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1994
Inamori AuditoriumKagoshimaJapan1994
Nariwa MuseumOkayama PrefectureJapan1994
Atelier in Oyodo AnnexOsakaJapan1995
Nagaragawa Convention CenterGifuJapan1995
Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum AnnexNaoshima, Kagawa PrefectureJapan1995
Meditation Space, UNESCOParisFrance1995
Asahi Beer Oyamazaki Villa Museum of ArtKyoto PrefectureJapan1995


Shanghai Pusan Ferry TerminalOsakaJapan1996
Museum of Literature II, HimejiHyōgo PrefectureJapan1996
Gallery Chiisaime (Sawada House)Nishinomiya, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan1996
Museum of Gojo Culture & AnnexGojo, Nara PrefectureJapan1997
TOTO Seminar HouseHyōgo PrefectureJapan1997
Yokogurayama Natural Forest MuseumKochi PrefectureJapan1997
Harima Kogen Higashi Primary School & Junior High SchoolHyōgo PrefectureJapan1997
Koumi Kogen MuseumNagano PrefectureJapan1997
Eychaner/Lee HouseChicago, IllinoisUnited States1997
Daikoku Denki Headquarters BuildingAichi PrefectureJapan1998
Daylight MuseumShiga PrefectureJapan1998
Junichi Watanabe Memorial HallSapporoJapan1998
Asahi Shimbun Okayama BureauOkayamaJapan1998
Siddhartha Children and Women HospitalButwalNepal1998
Church of the Light Sunday SchoolIbaraki, Osaka PrefectureJapan1999
Rokko Housing IIIKobeJapan1999
Shell Museum, NishinomiyaHyōgo PrefectureJapan1999
FABRICA (Benetton Communication Research Center)TrevisoItaly2000
Awaji-Yumebutai (34°33′40″N 135°00′29″E / 34.560983°N 135.008144°E / 34.560983; 135.008144[12])Hyōgo PrefectureJapan2000
Rockfield Shizuoka FactoryShizuokaJapan2000
The Pulitzer Foundation for the ArtsSt. Louis, MissouriUnited States2001 [5]
Komyo-ji (shrine)Saijō, Ehime prefectureJapan2001
Ryotaro Shiba Memorial MuseumHigashiosaka, Osaka prefectureJapan2001
Teatro Armani-Armani World HeadquartersMilanItaly2001
Hyogo Prefectural Museum of ArtKobe, Hyōgo PrefectureJapan2002 link
Modern Art Museum of Fort WorthFort Worth, TexasUnited States2002 link
Piccadilly GardensManchester, Greater ManchesterUnited Kingdom2003
4x4 houseKobeJapan2003
Invisible HouseTrevisoItaly2004
Chichu Art MuseumNaoshima, Kagawa prefectureJapan2004 link
Langen FoundationNeussGermany2004 link
Gunma Insect World Insect Observation HallKiryūJapan2005
Picture Book Museum, Iwaki CityIwaki, Fukushima PrefectureJapan2005 [13]
Sakanouenokumo MuseumMatsuyama, EhimeJapan2006
Morimoto (restaurant)Chelsea Market, ManhattanUnited States2005[14]
Omotesando Hills, Jingumae 4-ChomeTokyoJapan2006
House in ShigaŌtsu, ShigaJapan2006
Benesse HouseNaoshima, KagawaJapan2006
21 21 Design SightMinato, TokyoJapan2007
Stone Hill Center, expansion for the Clark Art InstituteWilliamstown, MassachusettsUnited States2008 link
Punta della Dogana (restoration)VeniceItaly2009 [6]


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